An academic journal or academic journal is a periodic publication in which scholarships related to a particular academic discipline are published.
Academic journalsserve as permanent and transparent forums for the presentation, scrutiny, and discussion of research. They almost universally require peer review of research articles or other types of scrutiny by competent and established contemporaries in their respective fields. The Internet has revolutionized the production of academic journals and access to them, and their contents are available online through the services subscribed to by libraries Academics.
The European Science Foundation (ESF) has recently taken steps to change the situation, which has led to the publication of preliminary lists for the classification of academic journals in the humanities. The purpose of an academic journal, according to Henry Oldenburg (the first editor of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society), is to provide researchers with a place to impart their knowledge to each other and to contribute what they can to Grand Design to improve natural knowledge and perfect all philosophical arts and sciences. This website can be modified by anyone, so any information found on its pages cannot be considered credible or academic.
Academic articlescan be found in periodicals similar to Journal of Psychology, Childhood Education or The American Journal of Public Health.
The prestige of an academic journal is established over time and can reflect many factors, some of which, but not all, are quantifiable. Clarivate Analytics' Journal Citation Reports, which, among other functions, calculates an impact factor for academic journals, extracts data for calculation from the Expanded Science Citation Index (for natural science journals) and the Social Sciences Citation Index (for social science journals). Institutions around the world are continuously reevaluating the cost and value proposition of subscribing to academic journals. In each academic discipline, some journals receive a high number of publications and choose to restrict the number of publications, keeping the acceptance rate low.
Many academic journals are subsidized by universities or professional organizations and don't exist for profit.